复杂机电系统科学想象视频的创作流程探索

 罗聆瑗,干静,马磊,吕冰心,朱启豪

(四川大学 制造科学与工程学院,四川 成都 610065)
摘要:提出以复杂机电系统为主体的科学想象故事的创作原则和制作思路。探索一套完整的科学想象视频的创作流程,并完成深海探测科学想象视频。根据复杂机电系统的特点,以主线推至副线扩展写作的方法创作科学想象故事,建立分镜头脚本;根据分镜头脚本,将动画画面进行分类,采用多种建模渲染软件,利用二维与三维或三维与三维图像建立图层、合成为动画画面的方式,布置科学想象视频中虚拟三维环境及机电设备的动画分段;依据艺术性创作原则制作视频后期。阐述了以深海探测系统为例,以海底实验室和深海机器人代表复杂机电系统的整个科学想象视频创作流程。验证了三类动画画面的制作方法,解决了处于概念设计阶段的复杂机电系统的动画制作问题。
关键词:科学想象;动画;视频;深海探测
中图分类号:J218.7 文献标志码:A doi:10.3969/j.issn.1006-0316.2019.01.005
文章编号:1006-0316 (2019) 01-0021-06
Exploring the Creation Process of Scientific Imagination Video for Complex Electromechanical Systems
LUO Lingyuan,GAN Jing,MA Lei,LV Bingxin,ZHU Qihao
( School of Manufacturing Science and Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China )
Abstract:This paper aims to put forward the creation principle and the innovative method of composing scientific imagination narratives, which take complex electromechanical system as the main part. It explores a complete set of creation process for scientific imagination video and implements it in the making of a deep-sea exploration video. According to the characteristics of the complex electromechanical system, the scientific imagination stories are created by extending the main plot writing to the subplot writing. Based on current fashions of making film-shooting scripts, the shot scripts are created with careful analysis of the scientific stories. The script screens are classified according to the shot script. Meanwhile, the animation segmentation of virtual 3D environment and electromechanical equipment of scientific imagination video is completed either by using two-dimensional and three-dimensional images or using three-dimensional and three-dimensional images to establish the layers, which will composite into the animation with a variety of modeling and rendering software. In accordance with the artistic creation principles, the video post-production is made. It elaborates the entire creation process by taking the deep-sea detection system as an example and the deep-sea laboratory and robot as the representative of complex electromechanical systems. These three aspects of animation-making methods are tested. Besides, it resolves the problems of animation-making for the conceptual and complex electromechanical system.
Key words:scientific imagination;animation;video;deep-sea exploration
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收稿日期:2018-03-05
作者简介:罗聆瑗(1993-),女,四川成都人,硕士研究生,主要研究方向为产品设计、计算机辅助工业设计等;干静(1968-),女,四川成都人,博士,教授,主要研究方向为产品设计、计算机辅助工业设计、机械设计等。
 

 

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