二系空簧横向刚度对高速列车动力学性能的影响

 秦剑生1,徐腾养1,邓国海1,郭兆团2,徐传波2

(1.浙江盾安轨道交通设备有限公司,浙江 绍兴 311800;2.西南交通大学 牵引动力国家重点实验室,四川 成都610031)
摘要:基于动力学软件SIMPACK仿真分析了我国某高速列车二系空簧横向刚度对车辆动力学性能影响,并对二系空簧横向刚度进行了优化分析。仿真结果表明:车辆临界速度随二系空簧横向刚度增加有所增加;车辆横向稳定性、乘坐舒适性随二系空簧横向刚度增加有所恶化,垂向平稳性受其影响不大;轮轴横向力、脱轨系数、磨耗指数随二系空簧横向刚度增加变化不大,轮轨垂向力、轮重减载率随二系空簧横向刚度增加略有下降。该高速列车二系空簧横向刚度可以在0.1~0.2 MN/mm范围内进行选取,此时,车辆动力学性能在最优范围内。
关键词:高速列车;二系空簧横向刚度;动力学性能;优化分析
中图分类号:TH113 文献标志码:A doi:10.3969/j.issn.1006-0316.2018.08.002
文章编号:1006-0316 (2018) 08-0006-05
The Influence of Secondary Air-spring Lateral Stiffness on High-speed Vehicle Dynamic Performance
QIN Jiansheng1,XU Tengyang1,DENG Guohai1,GUO Zhaotuan2,XU Chuanbo2
( 1.Zhejiang Dunan Rail Transit Equipment Co., Ltd., Shaoxing 311800, China; 2.State Key Laboratory of Traction Power, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu 610031, China )
Abstract:The paper aims to analyze the influence of secondary air-spring lateral stiffness on dynamic performance of high-speed vehicle in China, and the optimization of secondary air-spring lateral stiffness. It could be concluded that (1) vehicle critical speed increases with the augment of secondary air-spring lateral stiffness; (2)vehicle lateral stability and riding comfort deteriorates with the augment of secondary air-spring lateral stiffness; (3) secondary air-spring lateral stiffness has less effect on vehicle vertical stability; (4) secondary air-spring lateral stiffness has less effect on lateral wheel force, derailment coefficient, wear index; and (5) wheel unloading rate and wheel/rail vertical forces decrease slightly with the augment of secondary air-spring lateral stiffness. The secondary air-spring lateral stiffness of high-speed vehicle is advised within 0.1~0.2 MN/mm to optimize vehicle dynamic performance.  
Key words:high-speed vehicle;secondary air-spring lateral stiffness;vehicle dynamic performance;optimization analysis
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收稿日期:2018-04-08
基金项目:国家重点研发计划(2016YFB1200501);国家重点研发计划(2016YFB1200506)
作者简介:秦剑生(1989-),男,广西玉林人,硕士研究生,主要研究方向为车辆系统动力学。
 

 

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