绿色小水电及其技术发展趋势
林华,岳婷
(四川省机械研究设计院,四川 成都 610063)
摘要:小水电对优化能源结构、促进农村经济发发展具有重要意义,但其快速、混乱的发展正在对环境和生态造成不良影响。提出现阶段发展绿色小水电,向绿色、环保、可再生的清洁能源方向发展是必要的。绿色小水电的发展除了要合理规划外,还应该体现在产品设计中的技术层面。总结并列举了新型前沿的技术,例如鱼类友好型水轮机、永磁发电技术、高油压KAPLAN型水轮机、环保型上流式水轮机等有益于绿色环保的新技术,并分析了这些技术的应用给绿色小水电的发展带来的重要意义。
关键词:绿色小水电;清洁能源;水轮机
中图分类号:TV472 文献标志码:A doi:10.3969/j.issn.1006-0316.2018.03.003
文章编号:1006-0316 (2018) 03-0010-05
Green-small Hydro Power and Trend of Technology Development
LIN Hua,YUE Ting
( Sichuan Provincial Machinery Research & Design Institute, Chengdu 610063, China )
Abstract:Small hydro power plays an important role in optimizing energy structure and promoting rural economic development. But its rapid and chaotic development is having a negative impact on the environment and ecology. It is necessary to develop green and small hydro power to develop green, environmental and renewable clean energy at this stage. Besides reasonable planning, the technical aspects of product design should be reflected to develop the green small hydro power. The new cutting-edge technologies are summarized and enumerated, such as the fish friendly turbine, permanent magnet power generation technology, high pressure KAPLAN turbine, environmentally friendly flow turbine and so on. The application of these technologies to the development of green small hydro power is also analyzed.
Key words:green-small hydro power;clean energy;turbine
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收稿日期:2017-07-20
作者简介:林华(1967-),男,四川南充人,本科,高级工程师,主要从事水电设备研究工作;岳婷(1991-),女,甘肃文县人,硕士,助理工程师,主要从事流体机械研究工作。
 

 

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